Digging Deeper: Addictions

On the surface we have the things that we are addicted to. But the problem does not lie in our attachment to these things. If we try to tackle the problem at this level then we will not find an effective long term remedy. We will simply be snipping the weed above ground, and leaving its roots intact.

Our addictions are caused by something that lies beyond whatever it is that we are addicted to. We must look beyond these things. Whilst something can be said to be "addictive" this is not a satisfactory answer on its own. It cannot be, because it is too near the surface.

The addiction is a product of its environment. Just as a sore leg may be a sign that you have bad posture - that you are sitting, bending or standing wrong (that you are generally out of line) - the addiction is also a sign of something going wrong on a larger scale.

It may be that our addictions could be transferred to any number of things. In this sense their surface manifestations - what they look like, the type of things that we are addicted to - do not really matter.

We need to work out the uses of our addictions. What purposes do they serve?

How do they help us to balance?

Where is the deficit that causes us to need these things in order to feel ok?

What is it that we are missing?

It would be interesting to know if people got addicted to things in traditional well-structured, well-balanced communities. My guess would be that they did not, because they would probably not have felt, in the same ways that we do, that they were "missing" anything.

Digging Deeper

The way we deal with problems is like the way we deal with weeds.

Cut the weed above ground level and it will grow again. Get it by the roots and it will trouble you no longer!

Like the roots of a particularly tricky weed, the ultimate causes of our problems are often deeply buried.

Some of us may like weeds, but for those of us who don't, when we look at a weed we see a problem. But most of the time we aren't seeing the whole problem.

Unless we get on our hands and knees and do a bit of digging then we will only ever see part of the picture. The bit that's right there in our face, spoiling our lovely neat garden!

But its those roots that we really need to be looking for. Because it is only by tackling them that we will be properly rid of our problem.

Now, let us take an everyday example and see how it fits into our weed analogy:

We develop a pain in our leg. How do we deal with it? A common approach would be to start with the closest problem or symptom and work from there.

1. We take pain killers to numb the pain.

This is like cutting the weed just above soil level. Its gone! For now ...

2. We do therapeutic exercises to treat the leg and stop the pain.

This is like pulling out the weed but leaving its roots behind. Again, our problem seems to be sorted ...

3. We examine what it was that caused the leg to become dysfunctional in the first place and make a change in our lifestyle in order to stop the problem from re-occurring (for example; perhaps the pain came from how we were sitting. So then we learn how to sit in a more healthy way, or we cut down on the amount of sitting that we do).

Finally we've done what we should have done all along! Our weed is gone for good, and no trace remains.

These root problems cause most of the smaller surface level problems, those that we all encounter on a regular basis. The weed grows above soil where we can see it because it has roots sustaining it out of sight beneath the ground. And yet we will often overlook the real problems simply because we cannot see them. We are so concerned with the fact that this horrible looking weed is ruining our garden, that we don't spend the time to dig a little deeper. If we have something that is in our face, demanding our attention, then we are likely to attend to this rather than something that is more distant, or unseen.

That's if we are lazy gardeners. If we are good gardeners then we always spend the time. Because time spent is actually time saved in the long run.

As a society we are lazy gardeners, constantly attacking problems at surface level.

This is because we want immediate results. We want to see something for our money. We don't want to have to get on our knees and get our hands dirty.

We can see this approach everywhere.

Football managers are hired and fired in quick succession. Alex Ferguson said recently that, had he been a manager today, he would have been fired before he had the chance to show what he was truly capable of. Few are given the chance that Ferguson had, to settle in to a club. To be able to make mistakes and to grow and learn. Ferguson was given the chance to mature into the great manager that he is today.

We see it also in politics. Politicians know that their time in the limelight is limited. And so few will be inclined to dig deep and offer effective - deep - solutions to the problems that face us. It may be that any lasting solution could take decades to produce any fruit worthy of notice. People whose careers rely on the superficial ebb and flow of public opinion cannot afford to wait this long. They need immediate results, because their jobs depend on it.

Bust the drug lords and they will be replaced. Bust the politicians and they will be replaced. Bust the bankers and they will be replaced. The weed will grow back unless you get to its roots.

We must dig deeper!

When we tackle a problem at the deeper level it may not be quite as easy to see results. Pain killers will take away the pain immediately. Learning a new way to sit may even cause us more pain to begin with!

Look around you. It won't take you long to see this approach in action. Bad gardeners everywhere.

Ask yourself: do I really want to get better? Do I really want to see these problems solved? Do I really want a solution?

If the answer is yes, then we must be prepared to get our hands dirty, sweat a little, and dig a bit deeper.

Artist / Citizen


In 1958 I wrote the following:

'There are no hard distinctions between what is real and what is unreal, nor between what is true and what is false. A thing is not necessarily either true or false; it can be both true and false.'

I believe that these assertions still make sense and do still apply to the exploration of reality through art. So as a writer I stand by them but as a citizen I cannot. As a citizen I must ask: What is true? What is false?

[Harold Pinter]
Nobel Lecture, 'Art, Truth & Politics'


What does this time demand of us?

Beyond the borders of our own world. The world that grinds on around us.

Objective reality.

What does it demand of us?

What is happening on the larger scene? In the bigger picture? What is going on in the world and how does it impact on us?

As individuals we - as we are constantly reminded - have many rights. We have the right to enjoy our lives, to embrace our individuality; to explore ourselves; to find our potential. You only have one life, so live it.

But always this microcosm - our own little world - must be balanced with the larger picture. Because, like it or not, it is within the larger picture that we all have to fit. It is the land upon which we stand. If it shifts and moves then our houses - with their bright walls, and individual flourishes - will come crumbling down.

So we must always be asking: what does this time demand of us? Is there a quake coming? Must we take a break from papering the walls and prepare for it?

At one point the larger picture may have demanded that we question everything; that we push boundaries and shatter paradigms. Maybe this was the project of post-modernism, and maybe it served a useful purpose - not necessarily for the individual, but for the larger picture. Maybe a spot of post-modernism was what was needed.

The citizen was required to become an artist; to explore their assumptions; to poke and prod and push.

The beautiful landscape wasn't good enough anymore. Maybe it represented complacency, a stifling status quo. And so it needed to be undermined, subverted. Nothing was as it seemed. Solid became liquid. Things melted into other things. Male became female, female male.

And now it is the right of every individual the poke and prod and push their own boundaries. Or at least to go through the motions.

But what does this time demand of us?

Where once the citizen was impelled to become the artist, now, perhaps, the tables have turned.

There are too many artists. And not enough citizens.

It is long overdue that the artist once again become the citizen. That we begin to solidify, to choose a path; to draw our boundaries.

To say: this is true. And this is false.

We are lost within our post-modern playground. We don't know which way is up anymore.

It is time to grow up.

Related posts:-
Nobody knows, and nobody can ever know
The perils of radical subjectivity
Individual + Villager = Balance
Rights and Responsibilities
Life Amongst the Rubble
Walk a Straight Line


When you build up tension in your body it is important to release it in a conscious way. If it isn't released then it will find its way out regardless, and generally when you aren't looking.

It is like a pressurised boiler.

The tension builds and builds, the sides start to bulge and eventually nuts and bolts start flying off and jets of steam start hissing out!

Instead of letting steam off in a controlled way, you've ignored it until its found its own way out.

This principle applies as much to human beings as it does to boilers.

We can see it in action on the roads. When a car driver gets stuck behind a cyclist and has to slow down to a crawl, he may begin to build up tension. The more he has to trail behind the cyclist - who is going a snails pace compared to what he is used to - the more his boiler begins to fill up. And when he finally gets past he may be just about ready to blow.

He may let this pressure off by cursing the driver or putting his foot to the floor and speeding away, leaving the cyclist in his dust. But there is a chance that some of this tension could stay with him.

And then it begins to find its way out in all sorts of unfortunate ways.

Maybe the next cyclist he comes to he isn't so courteous with. Maybe his pent up anger and frustration makes him a bit reckless. Perhaps he gets a bit too close to this next cyclist. Maybe he even clips him accidently with his wing mirror.

Or he may not come across another cyclist. Phew! He speeds up and makes it home in record time! But he finds the kids even more irritable than normal tonight. He is short with his wife.


Tension always finds its way out.

The question is whether you are going to be in control of its release, or whether you're going to let it do its own thing.

And if you're a cyclist then its worth bearing this principle in mind too.

You may have stuck to your guns and exercised your right to be on the road, annoying who knows how many motorists in the meantime. And you may have even got away with it unscathed. But the next cyclist may just well be paying the price for your actions.

Be considerate. If there is someone behind you and they are aching to get past - and you can tell when they are - then don't be afraid to pull over and let them be on their way.

The communal gains from this considerate act are far greater than any personal losses.

(And this comes from a cyclist by the way!)